Shamans, spirits and deities of the peoples of the North
Since ancient times the indigenous Yakuts believe in Aiyy, in spirits of Fire, Water, Earth, Hunting, Home. During my trip, we never once asked about religion, meeting with different people, many of them told a very interesting and new things that became the incentive to probe the issue a little deeper on his return home. Of course we were interested in, who are the real Yakut shamans, do they exist actually and what abilities they possess.
We also visited the ethno-estate Atlasov family, where the hostess Valentina Innokentievna showed us several traditional religious rites, spoke about the shamans and tengriism…
Orthodoxy became established in Yakutia with the appearance on the banks of the Lena river the first troops of Russian explorers. Already in 1632 Yakutsk Ostrog chapel was built in the name of the Holy Trinity, and in April 1642 the first Orthodox Church. Orthodox missionary in Yakutia, compared with other regions of the Russian Empire, wore perhaps the most humane and cultural in nature. Until the end of the eighteenth century Christianity in Yakutia was the religion of almost exclusively Russian settlers. The Church was built in fortresses for the Russian population, serious attempts at Christianization of the Yakuts were taken. From the late eighteenth century begin the first mass of the baptism of the indigenous population. At the same time actually shamanism, with his fortune telling, spells, magical healing, not only persisted, but to some stephanidae spread among local Russians.
By the beginning of perestroika in Yakutia practically there was no officially authorized religious life in the early 80-ies throughout Yakutia there was only one Orthodox Church. In 90-ies there has been a revival of religion.
There are no religious conflicts and pressure, some of the indigenous Yakuts can be baptized, others do not. However, the indigenous Yakuts and people from mixed families, in most cases, they respect the faith of their ancient ancestors. Here is the most interesting to the tourist who arrives in Yakutia.
We visited the ethno-estate Atlasov, which is located near Yakutsk, it’s just an opportunity to come into contact with the Yakut ethnic group even during a short visit. But, I think that the contact with the true Outback of the far North I have found.