Special medical instruments and surgeons of ancient methods of mummification
As wrote the famous researcher of antiquity and a chain sting the surgical instruments of the ancient Incas were of different size bronze scalpels, needles, staples, tweezers, a bronze knife type “Toomey”, in shape resembling kitchen knives-sechka, and clamps by which the Inca doctors would draw the vein to stop bleeding in their patients.
After modern physicians were acquainted with Smith papyrus, made in Ancient Egypt, about 1710-1690 years BC, they were very surprised. It turned out at that very distant time, there was a special, surgical tools, for example, copper needles for suturing wounds.
As it turned out, the writing style of this ancient medical Handbook was a copy of earlier issued may, in the year 2710 BC. It is not excluded that this precious document included nuggets of the then medical knowledge of the antediluvian civilization that perished in the days of global cataclysm.
However, the ancient Egyptians have actively studied the device (structure) of the human body. For successful mummification of the dead pharaohs and their entourage, required knowledge of anatomy and ways of performing most of these surgeries.
Not so long ago the history of mummification was extended with a new page. It turns out that,before the mummification of a dead body, ancient healers practiced on the skeletons. Thus, the chemical analyses of the skeleton of Ancient Egypt, the age of about 4140 years, have provided a key for deciphering Egyptian techniques for embalming a corpse.
The skeleton Go II, according to the inscription on his coffin, was a major dealer who supplied the Egyptians with valuable timber, found in the district of Giza in 1915. Almost immediately, he was purchased by one of the museums in Germany. Even by the end of the twentieth century no one knew – the remains Are embalmed were previously, or are well preserved due to the dry climate of Egypt.
Research a famous biochemist from Germany Ulrich Weser of the University of Tubingen convincingly showed that before the burial the skeleton was subjected to special treatment. So, the sodium content in the bones was 12 times higher than normal. Most likely, the ancient embalmers first separated the flesh from the bones of the skeleton, and then covered the skeleton with sodium salts for drying.
During the analysis of the Weser bones found in them are many antiseptic (antiseptic) agents, typical of conventional wood tar. The most high was the concentration of substances produced during decay in the air from wood rich in resin, wood. This means that during the preparation for the burial of the bones of the skeleton Go II, all the activities carried out by the embalming might be something to be similar to the process while smoked hams. The skeleton is probably not hung and not fumigated with smoke, and it probably needs components was applied on the bone.
Embalming bones Go II was executed so perfectly that not even damaged active enzyme (enzyme), the so-called alkaline phosphatase, which was able to extract from pieces of the bones of the clavicle.
Research of the German biochemist found a lot of unknown and new in the study of the appearance of mummification of the dead in Ancient Egypt. Already known during the old Kingdom in Egypt, the doctors knew many of the stages of this process, described in detail by Herodotus in his works.
Since the days of “white-haired” ancient times, the surgeons had a very great knowledge in his craft.