WWF and charitable project “World around you” summed up the results of the programme for the sustainable harvesting of medicinal herbs in the Altai. One important outcome was the creation of a network of responsible suppliers.
The healing properties of herbs Altai is known far beyond the borders of the region: today the Altai teas, cosmetics enriched with herbs and various balms can be found not only on the shelves of Altai, but also in shops of most Russian cities.
High demand is known, creates and offer: thousands of local people involved in the process of harvesting medicinal herbs. For many, this work is the main source of income. However, few people know about the consequences of uncontrolled harvesting of plants: irresponsible collectors mercilessly destroy many rare species.
WWF and charitable project “World around you” the Corporation “Siberian health” was launched in the Altai program on responsible harvesting of medicinal plants by the locals. The main goal of the project was to teach the population the correct harvesting herbs: what types, in what terms, in what ways and in what quantity can be procured, as well as their properly dried and processed.
“A positive outcome from these programs is huge, — says project coordinator of the Altai-Sayan division of WWF Elena Repetunova. — With the right approach and careful attitude to plants, such procurement can become a significant legal and quite sustainable source of income for the local population, and most importantly, this alternative method will not harm the unique ecosystems of the Mountain Altai”. Continue reading
Plants containing pharmacologically active substances and which have different therapeutic effects on the body, are called medicinal plants. In the world there are about 500 thousand species of herbs and plants, but only about 5% of them have more or less investigated for pharmacological activity and are medicinal plants.
Our country has enormous wealth and diversity of plant species. Only higher plants contains more than 21 thousand Of them each year for medical purposes is grown and harvested slightly more than 200 species of medicinal herbs and plants.
There is a vast reserve of still unexplored new drug rastenii, herbs and drugs from them. In recognition of new therapeutic agents is often of great importance has rich experience of traditional medicine.
Chemical compounds isolated from medicinal plants often serve as a model for industrial synthesis of similar or even more effective drugs. Basically the same medicinal herbs and plants – all levels of responsibility of the source medicinal plants for isolation of active ingredients and intermediates for the synthesis of such effective remedies, corticosteroids, sex hormones, etc.
Currently, more than 30% of medicines medicinecabinet prepares from medicinal vegetative raw material, obtained from medicinal herbs and plants. On the basis of medicinal plants produced about 80% of drugs used in cardiovascular diseases and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. However, the demand for medicinal plant raw materials of many species are not yet fully satisfied.
The study of medicinal plants has been addressed by many research institutions in the country, including the all-Russian research Institute of medicinal plants (VILAR), pharmaceutical and medical institutes etc. Continue reading
Acorus calamus .
Perennial herbaceous plant. Used to improve digestion in the gastro-intestinal diseases.
Althaea officinalis .
Perennial herbaceous plant. Used as an anti-inflammatory, expectorant.
The Berberis vulgaris . Branching shrub. Used in cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, chronic hepatitis.
Black henbane . Biennial winter plant. Used as an antispasmodic and pain relievers. Black henbane is poisonous.
Birch. Deciduous tree. Used as a diuretic and cholagogue. Preparations of the fungus (mushroom) is used for gastritis and malignant tumors of the stomach, lungs and other organs.
Hawthorn croviana red . High shrub. Preparations of hawthorn (tincture of the flowers, the fruit extract) is used as a cardiotonic agent, in functional disorders of cardiac activity, heart failure.
The elder black. Shrub. The flowers have diaphoretic, diuretic, astringent, and mild disinfectant properties. Infusion of flowers is used for colds, as a diaphoretic. Externally they are used for rinsing with inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and throat.
Cornflower blue . Odnoletnego biennial plant. Used as a mild diuretic means at diseases of kidneys and bladder. Continue reading