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Inhabitants of Altai taught responsible harvesting of medicinal herbs

WWF and charitable project “World around you” summed up the results of the programme for the sustainable harvesting of medicinal herbs in the Altai. One important outcome was the creation of a network of responsible suppliers.

The healing properties of herbs Altai is known far beyond the borders of the region: today the Altai teas, cosmetics enriched with herbs and various balms can be found not only on the shelves of Altai, but also in shops of most Russian cities.

High demand is known, creates and offer: thousands of local people involved in the process of harvesting medicinal herbs. For many, this work is the main source of income. However, few people know about the consequences of uncontrolled harvesting of plants: irresponsible collectors mercilessly destroy many rare species.

WWF and charitable project “World around you” the Corporation “Siberian health” was launched in the Altai program on responsible harvesting of medicinal plants by the locals. The main goal of the project was to teach the population the correct harvesting herbs: what types, in what terms, in what ways and in what quantity can be procured, as well as their properly dried and processed.

“A positive outcome from these programs is huge, — says project coordinator of the Altai-Sayan division of WWF Elena Repetunova. — With the right approach and careful attitude to plants, such procurement can become a significant legal and quite sustainable source of income for the local population, and most importantly, this alternative method will not harm the unique ecosystems of the Mountain Altai”. Continue reading

The cultivation of medicinal plants in our own garden

Every year the population’s interest in traditional medicine is constantly increasing. Accordingly, there is a growing popularity of medicinal herbs that are frequently used for the treatment of children and adults in the home. Sometimes trying to grow medicinal plants and residents of large cities, but their opportunities are limited. Many people use for growing medicinal plants in their plots. The Amateur gardeners achieve wonderful results not only in the aspect of harvesting medicinal plants, but also in the decoration of the suburban area with beautiful flowers and herbs that is planned in advance.

Growing in the garden for healthy plants, people practiced for many centuries. The history of the cultivation of medicinal herbs is very ancient. However, in recent decades the population of our country a bit away from this useful and fascinating traditions, and only a few years ago, the interest in the pharmaceutical kitchen gardens began to increase sharply. Let’s look at how to properly plant, place and care for medicinal herbs. the bushes and trees.

Usually for beginners in this case just two or three not too large or obychnym beds for flowers. It is recommended not to plant medicinal herbs mixed in with vegetables and fruit, and to dedicate to them a separate planting area that is to be placed near to the dishes, it is not for nothing Apothecary garden sometimes, people call or aromatic kitchen. It’s really very convenient, when all the necessary herbs are at some moment at hand.

Land for medicinal plants it is necessary to prepare since autumn. First, the earth dug up, removed the weeds and roots of weeds, after which you can already lay out the beds. Most effort requires the preparation of the soil for perennial crops, which greatly simplifies the care of plants in future years. Continue reading

Herbs and medicinal plants

Plants containing pharmacologically active substances and which have different therapeutic effects on the body, are called medicinal plants. In the world there are about 500 thousand species of herbs and plants, but only about 5% of them have more or less investigated for pharmacological activity and are medicinal plants.

Our country has enormous wealth and diversity of plant species. Only higher plants contains more than 21 thousand Of them each year for medical purposes is grown and harvested slightly more than 200 species of medicinal herbs and plants.

There is a vast reserve of still unexplored new drug rastenii, herbs and drugs from them. In recognition of new therapeutic agents is often of great importance has rich experience of traditional medicine.

Chemical compounds isolated from medicinal plants often serve as a model for industrial synthesis of similar or even more effective drugs. Basically the same medicinal herbs and plants – all levels of responsibility of the source medicinal plants for isolation of active ingredients and intermediates for the synthesis of such effective remedies, corticosteroids, sex hormones, etc.

Currently, more than 30% of medicines medicinecabinet prepares from medicinal vegetative raw material, obtained from medicinal herbs and plants. On the basis of medicinal plants produced about 80% of drugs used in cardiovascular diseases and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. However, the demand for medicinal plant raw materials of many species are not yet fully satisfied.

The study of medicinal plants has been addressed by many research institutions in the country, including the all-Russian research Institute of medicinal plants (VILAR), pharmaceutical and medical institutes etc. Continue reading